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Cardiology & Pulmonology

The medical field of cardiology focuses on the research and the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The field includes any type of disease that is heart-related or that disrupts the normal heart rhythm. Cardiovascular diseases are characterized by high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, arrhythmia or stroke.

The medical field of pulmonology, which includes pulmonary arterial hypertension, specializes in lung diseases.

Furthermore, AOP Orphan is active in the field of intensive care medicine and infectiology, because infections and intensive care therapies play a major role in connection with Cardiology & Pulmonology:

In most countries, intensive care medicine is an interdisciplinary sub-area of medicine. The original focus of intensive care medicine was on treating life-threatening conditions brought on by the failure of individual organs. Rapid advances in medical technology have since transformed this into a highly specialized field dealing with the treatment of complex life-threatening conditions – up to and including multiple organ failure.

The field of anesthesiology comprises general and local anesthesia, including treatment before and after, as well as maintaining vital functions during surgical procedures (excerpt from the Austrian training regulations).


The specialist field of medical infectiology is concerned with the diagnosis, symptoms, treatment and prevention of infections.


Arrhythmia occurs when there is a problem with the pace or rhythm of the heartbeat. The heart beats too slowly, too fast or has an irregular rhythm. Some types of arrhythmia are completely harmless but others can be life-threatening. Therefore, it is always best to obtain a physician's opinion. 

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Pulmonary arterial hypertension

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease that causes an increase in the pulmonary vascular resistance and an increase in blood pressure in the pulmonary circulation. The reduced blood flow through the lungs is accompanied by an insufficient supply of oxygen to the body. As a consequence, patients suffer from lethargy, shortness of breath and a drop in physical performance. If PAH is left untreated for two or three years after first diagnosis has been made, it will result in life-threatening heart failure. Early diagnosis and proper treatment are important for the prognosis of the disease and ensuring quality of life.

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Homozigotiska pārmantotā hiperholesterinēmija

Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) belongs to the group of familial hypercholesterolemia. These relate to congenital cholesterol metabolic disorders that cause a patient to experience very high cholesterol levels in their blood despite eating a normal diet. A distinction is made between the more common heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and the very rare homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. 

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